Picture of two classrooms
Teacher gives instruction and expects children to obey and be disciplined.• Children listen while the teacher teaches.
• Teacher reads the textbook or writes questions and answers on the blackboard and students copy these. At times one child reads the textbook aloud while others listen.
• Children memorise facts given in the textbook or as told by the teacher.
• Teacher controls what happens in the class. Children’s participation is minimal.
• Children generally learn individually.
• Timetable is fixed.
• Seating arrangement is fixed.
• Material is only for display.
• Children look bored and disinterested.
Teacher provides learning opportunities and guides learning.• Children participate actively in different activities/tasks.• Teacher provides learning situations that give children an opportunity to observe, explore, question, experience and develop their own understanding of various concepts.
• Children construct knowledge on their own, based on their experiences in and outside the school.
• Children work both individually and also in groups, discussing, sharing, co-operating and respecting others’ viewpoints.
• Timetable is flexible, depending on what children want to do.
• Seating arrangement changes according to the activity.
• A variety of materials, aids and equipments are available and used by children.
• Children do not get distracted when visitors come in or the teacher goes out as they are engrossed in what they are doing.
Vishal Jain / Bindu Sharma